25th of April – World Malaria Day.
The World Health Organization says about 3.3-billion people – that’s half of the world’s population – are at risk of malaria.
While early diagnosis and prompt treatment are two basic elements of malaria control, prevention saves lives and can strengthen the economies of countries in which
the disease is common.
Malaria, though cannot be eradicated just like fraud in our society, but it can be reduced if everyone can do something different from the usual starting today.
Facts And Figures
Half the world’s population is at risk of malaria, 781,000 people die of malaria every year and it affects the most vulnerable financially too.
A child dies every 45 seconds of malaria. Over 90% of the 781,000 malaria deaths are in Africa 8% of all
children who die before their fifth birthday die of malaria 40% of public health spending in some African countries affected by malaria is spent on
the disease Malaria costs Africa over £8 billion a year in lost economic output
It is estimated that up to 200,000 newborns die each year as a result of malaria in pregnancy and malaria can cause anaemia and death for pregnant women
40% of drug expenditure in affected countries is spent on malaria drugs.
Nets: stop mosquito bites Mosquito nets are the first line of defense against the deadly bite of a malarial mosquito.
Testing: find it to kill it Malaria parasites in the blood can best be detected under a microscope by using a Rapid Diagnostic Test, which can be administered anywhere and provide an easy to read result in just a few minutes.
Spraying: kills mosquitoes Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) involves spraying long-lasting insecticide on the inside walls of homes and local buildings, killing mosquitoes that rest there. IRS typicallylasts 3-6 months.
Medicines: stop malaria parasite spreading Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACTs) are strongly recommended for the treatment of malaria in Africa – where the disease is now resistant to older medicines.
Vaccine: the best possible defense
Scientists around the world are working on this important research. However, the malaria parasites have proven to be remarkably adaptable. They change their characteristics as antibodies are developed, making it hard to find a vaccine.